ask, first, what a thing is, then how great it is, next of what kind. The most important axioms, Aristotle thought, would be those that define the proper subject matter of a science (thus, among the axioms of geometry would be the definition of a triangle). As to the infinite divisibility of space and time, and the paradoxes proposed by Zeno, Aristotle argues that space and time are potentially divisible ad infinitum, but are not actually so divided.
By Theophrastus it was bequeathed to his heir, Neleus of Scepsis. In the Categories the notion of substance tends to be nominalistic (that is, substance is a concept we apply to things). But the value of a thought depends on the value of what it is a thought of, so, if God were thinking of anything other than himself, he would be somehow degraded.
Aristotle : Aristotle, ancient Greek philosopher and scientist who was one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history. Study the life of Greek philosopher Aristotle and the roots of western thought. Philosopher, born at Stagira, a Grecian colony in the, thracian peninsula Chalcidice, 384.C.; died at Chalcis, in Euboea, 322.C. Aristotle (.C.) was an important Greek philosopher from the, socratic (or Classical) period, mainly based in Athens.
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It is this in fact which constitutes our personality, and we would not be pursuing our own life, but the life of some lower being, if we followed any other aim. For the metaphysician it is sufficient that the object in question is a being. The state is a development from the family through the village community, an offshoot of the family. Aristotle wrote extensively, but only about one-fifth of his works have survived (although even that fills about 12 volumes, and touches on the whole range of what was available knowledge at his time). In other words, for Plato's tendency to idealize the world of reality in the light of intuition of a higher world, Aristotle substituted the scientific tendency to examine first the phenomena of the real world around us and thence to reason to a knowledge.