Corp., 485.S. Association codes of conduct and professional regulation. Metropolitan Multi-List, Inc., 934.2d 1566, 1580-81 (11th Cir. Bid rigging is a form of price fixing and market allocation that involves an agreement in which one party of a group of bidders will be designated to win the bid. Only the direct contractors of cartel members may, to avoid double or multiple recovery. "The Origins of Antitrust: An Interest-Group Perspective". 1951) (territorial restraints in know-how licenses as part of a larger scheme to divide markets).
Sherman Antitrust Act - Wikipedia
Per Se Violations Where either economics or experience dictate, a practice that facially appears to be one that would always or almost always tend to restrict competition or decrease output, it will be deemed a per se violation of Section 1 and condemned without extensive. 36 (1977) 6 to 2, held that it was not an antitrust violation, and it fell within the rule of reason, for a seller to limit the number of franchises and require the franchisees only sell goods within its area United States. Trans-Missouri Freight Association, 166.S. 3 (1997) vertical maximum price fixing had to be adjudged according to a rule of reason Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. 46, 49 (1990 revenue-sharing formula in contract between competing providers of bar review courses coupled with one plus factor illegally restrained trade in violation of the Sherman Act).